Interpolation between CNNs and ResNets

Part of Proceedings of the International Conference on Machine Learning 1 pre-proceedings (ICML 2020)

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Zonghan Yang, Yang Liu, Chenglong Bao, Zuoqiang Shi


<p>Although ordinary differential equations (ODEs) provide insights for designing networks architectures, its relationship with the non-residual convolutional neural networks (CNNs) is still unclear. In this paper, we present a novel ODE model by adding a damping term. It can be shown that the proposed model can recover both a ResNet and a CNN by adjusting an interpolation coefficient. Therefore, the damped ODE model provides a unified framework for the interpretation of CNNs and ResNets. The Lyapunov analysis reveals better stability of the proposed model, and thus yields robustness improvement of the learned networks. Experiments on a number of image classification benchmarks show that the proposed model substantially improves the accuracy of ResNet and ResNeXt over the perturbed inputs from both stochastic noise and adversarial attack methods. Moreover, the loss landscape analysis demonstrates the improved robustness of our method along the attack direction.</p>