Random Matrix Theory Proves that Deep Learning Representations of GAN-data Behave as Gaussian Mixtures

Part of Proceedings of the International Conference on Machine Learning 1 pre-proceedings (ICML 2020)

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Mohamed El Amine Seddik, Cosme Louart, Mohamed Tamaazousti, Romain COUILLET


This paper shows that deep learning (DL) representations of data produced by generative adversarial nets (GANs) are random vectors which fall within the class of so-called \textit{concentrated} random vectors. Further exploiting the fact that Gram matrices, of the type $G = X^\intercal X$ with $X=[x_1,\ldots,x_n]\in \mathbb{R}^{p\times n}$ and $x_i$ independent concentrated random vectors from a mixture model, behave asymptotically (as $n,p\to \infty$) as if the $x_i$ were drawn from a Gaussian mixture, suggests that DL representations of GAN-data can be fully described by their first two statistical moments for a wide range of standard classifiers. Our theoretical findings are validated by generating images with the BigGAN model and across different popular deep representation networks.